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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Chondrichthyes  
 Order Carcharhiniformes  
 Family Carcharhinidae  
 Genus Carcharhinus  
  Carcharhinus longimanus  (Poey, 1861) 
Provider: Pofeng Lee& Shoou-Jeng Joung 
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Synonyms:Carcharhinus maouCarcharias albimarginatusCarcharias insularumCarcharias longimanusCarcharias obtususCarcharinus albimarginatusCarcharinus longimanusPterolamiops budkeriPterolamiops longimanusPterolamiops magnipinnisSqualus longimanus details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-圓口綱及軟骨魚綱(朱等, 2001);FAO Species Catalogue, Vol.4 Sharks of the world
Character: A large, stocky shark species. Snout short and broadly rounded. Eyes small, its length 0.9-2.5% of total length. Gill slits moderately long, length of 3rd 3.1-4.1% of total length and less than a third of 1st dorsal base. Rows of anteroposterior teeth in each jaw half 13-14/13-15. Upper teeth with very broad, triangular, strongly serrated cusps that merge into crown feet with slightly coarser serrations but no cusplets. Lower teeth with erect to slightly oblique, stout serrated cusps and transverse or moderately arched roots. Interdorsal ridge usually present. First dorsal fin very large and distally expanded, with a broadly rounded apex. Origin of 1st dorsal fin just anterior to the pectoral free rear tips. Inner margin of 1st dorsal fin moderately long, about half dorsal base. Second dorsal fin large and high, its length 2.7-3.9% of total length, its inner margin short and 1-1.1 times its height. Origin of 2nd dorsal over or slightly anterior to anal origin. Pectoral fin very large and elongated, with broadly rounded apices, length of anterior margins about 19-29% of total length. Number of total vertebral centra 228-244, precaudal centra 123-131. Colour grey-bronze above, white below. White mottling usually present on fins, particularly pectorals, 1st dorsal, pelvics, and caudal tips. 
Habitat: A very common, oceanic-epipelagic, tropical and warmtemperate shark, usually found far offshore in the open sea. This is a slow-moving but quite active shark species. It often cruises slowly at or near the surface with its huge pectoral fins outspread. Vi 
Distribution: This species primarily distributed in tropical and warm-temperate oceanic maters including Atlantic ocean, Indian Ocean, Red Sea, Pacific Ocean. 
Utility: This species is regularly caught with pelagic longlines. It is utilized fresh, smoked and dried salted for human consumption, hides for leather, fins for shark-fin soup, liver for vitamins. 
Name Code: 383075
      IUCN Red List:CR A2bd     Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) 
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