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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Chondrichthyes  
 Order Carcharhiniformes  
 Family Carcharhinidae  
 Genus Carcharhinus  
  Carcharhinus plumbeus  (Nardo, 1827) 
Provider: Pofeng Lee& Shoou-Jeng Joung 
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Synonyms:Carcharhinus bleekeriCarcharhinus japonicusCarcharhinus milbertiCarcharhinus platyodonCarcharias ceruleusCarcharias japonicusCarcharias latistomusCarcharias milbertiCarcharias obtusirostrisCarcharias stevensiCarcharinus latistomus details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-圓口綱及軟骨魚綱(朱等, 2001);FAO Species Catalogue, Vol.4 Sharks of the world
Character: A medium sized, fairly stock species. Snout short and broadly rounded. Eyes moderately large, its length 1.7-2.9% of total length. Gill slits short, length of the 3rd 2.4-3.6% of total length and less than a third of 1st dorsal fin base. Rows of anteroposterior teeth in each jaw half 14-15/12-15. upper teeth with broadly triangular, strongly serrated cusps, merging smoothly into crown feet with slightly coarser serrations but no cusplets. Lower teeth with erect, narrow serrated cusps and transverse roots. Interdorsal ridge present. First dorsal fin very large, with a pointed or narrowly rounded apex. Origin of 1st dorsal fin over or slightly anterior to pectoral insertions. Inner margin of 1st dorsal fin moderately long, 2/5 of dorsal fin base, or slightly less. Second dorsal fin moderately high, its height 2.1-3.5% of total length. Origin of 2nd dorsal fin over or slightly anterior to anal origin. Pectoral fin large, with a narrowly rounded or pointed apices. Number of total vertebral centra 152-189, precaudal centra 82-97. Colour grey-brown above, white below. Tips and posterior edges of fins are often dusky, but no conspicuous markings. 
Habitat: An abundant, inshore and offshore, coastal-pelagic shark. This species has an annual migration cycle along the western North Atlantic seaboard of the United States. Viviparous, with a yolk-sac placenta. Litter size 1-14, with 5-15 common. Litter size vari 
Distribution: Western Atlantic including southern Massachusetts to Florida, northern and western Gulf of Mexico, Bahamas, Cuba, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Venezuela, southern Brazil. Eastern Atlantic including Mediterranean Sea, Portugal, Morocco, Senegal, Cape Verde Islan 
Utility: This is an abundant inshore and offshore species. It is caught with longlines, hook-and-line, and set bottom nets. It is utilized fresh, fresh-frozen, smoked and dried salted for human consumption. Hides used for leather, fins for shark-fin soup, liver oi 
Name Code: 383079
  IUCN Red List:VU A2bd+4bd     Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) 
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