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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Terapontidae  
 Genus Terapon  
  Terapon jarbua  (Forsskål, 1775) ( 👉 redirect to new TaiCOL )
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
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Synonyms:Coius trivittatusGrammistes servusHolocentrus jarbuaHolocentrus servusPterapon trivittatusSciaena jarbuaStereolepis inokoTerapon servusTerapon timorensisTherapon farnaTherapon jarboa details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);福建魚類誌(朱等, 1985);楊鴻嘉圖鑑 (金)
Character: Body oblong moderately compressed laterally. Jaws equal, gape oblique; teeth conical, slightly recurved, in villiform bands, the outer row much enlarged; vomer and palatines with teeth in juveniles, often toothless in adults. Preopercle strongly serrate, particularly at angle; lower opercular spine very long and strong, extending distinctly beyond margin of opercular lobe. First gill arch with 6 to 8 rakers on upper limb, 12 to 15 on lower limb. Dorsal fin with XI or XII spines and 9 to 11 rays; anal fin with III spines and 7 to 10 soft rays; caudal fin emarginate. Pored scales in lateral line 75 to 100. Body color is fawn above, cream below, nape dark; head, body and fins with and iridescent sheen. Three or four curved dark brown bands run from the nape to the hind part of the body, the lowermost continuing across the middle of the caudal fin. 
Habitat: Found over shallow sandy bottoms, in the vicinity of river mouths. Enter estuaries and rivers. Adults in loose aggregations. Juveniles common in sandy intertidal areas; often in tidal pools. Found in schools. Omnivorous, feeding on fishes, insects, algae, 
Distribution: Widely distributed in Indo-Pacific from Red Sea and East Africa to Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to the Arafura Sea, Australia, and Lord Howe Island. Also in India. Widely around coral reefs in Taiwan. 
Utility: Food fish; marketed fresh.  
Name Code: 382659
  IUCN Red List:LC      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)  Taiwan Biodiversity Network (TBN) 
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何彬宏
2015-06-28 U/L
 
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