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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Lophiiformes  
 Family Ceratiidae  
 Genus Ceratias  
  Ceratias holboelli  Krøyer, 1845 
Provider: Hsuan-Ching Ho 
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Synonyms:Ceratias holboelli tentaculatusCeratias tentaculatusMancalias bifilisMancalias tentaculatusReganula giganteusdetails
Citation: 何宣慶(2002)碩士論文;Fishbase(2003);Fish of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)
Character: Body of females relatively long and slender, dark red-brown to black over entire surface of bosy and oral cavity; two caruncles on dorsal midline of trunk just anterior to origin of soft-dorsal fin; mouth large, cleft vertical to strongly oblique, not extending past eye; lower jaws with well-developed symphysial spine; eye small; illicium long, longer than length of escal bulb; escal bulb oval in shape, with a single slender appendage, divided into three branchus; esca without dermal denticles; subopercle without anterior spine; postmawillary process well developed; sphenotic spines absent; opercle bicurcate; subopercle elongate; posterior end of pterygiophore of illicium emerging from dorsal midline just anterior to caruncles; caudal fin ray 8-9 (the ninth or lowermost ray reduced to a small remnent), fourth innermost caudal fin rays bifurcated; skin covered with close-set dermal spines. 
Habitat: Marine. First dorsal spine of female highly modified into a long rod with a light organ in the tip call illicium and esca, the esca containing bacteria as luminous symbiont, its function in attracting prey. Oviparous, eggs are presumably contained in floa 
Distribution: Widely distributed if tropical and subtropical parts of all oceans. It is rare in Taiwan only recorded in southwest off Tungsha Island. 
Utility: No commercial value. 
Name Code: 381148
  IUCN Red List:LC      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)  Taiwan Biodiversity Network (TBN) 
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